Tuesday, November 22, 2016

"Minga", Japanese peers, and collaborative work, oh my!

This year, during our annual ArtLink Connection, the theme centered around the idea of "minga". Minga is a Quechua word in Ecuador, dating back to the Incas. Minga is collaborative work in which friends and neighbors volunteer their time, effort, and sometimes money to achieve a shared goal for the betterment of the community (for example, building a home, harvesting food or repairing roads). 

Rather than simply create individual art pieces, students worked in Project-Based Learning style, with one week to complete 4 outcomes, for the benefit of an authentic audience of peers in Hiroshima, Japan. 

Students were tasked with the following:

1. Write an informative essay (2-3 paragraphs) describing the minga of your choice, and its political, economic, and social causes and impacts.
2. A thoughtfully created piece of artwork depicting the minga you researched. 
3. A 1-minute video describing your artwork. 
4. Complete an artist description sheet with biographical information and descriptions about
the art piece.

The rub was that since the theme was collaborative work and efforts, my students had to complete their tasks as small groups! It was an ideal project for working together, for navigating organizational and logistical challenges together, and for preparing outcomes for an authentic audience--peers in Hiroshima, Japan. Our artwork is already on its way across the Pacific!
We started on day one by assessing how they felt about working in groups, using stickers placed on this simple chart. Then the project was explained, the outline was handed out, the details detailed.

Alas, can I just say that day one was a disaster? Students were placed in mixed ability groups, and had 4 items on Monday's checklist to complete. Many did not want to take the time to go through their notes to see what they needed to do, and it was as if they'd never done independent work before. They needed guidance each step of the way. 

At the start of day two, students assessed themselves again using the 1-4 rubric on the chart, using stickers. As you can see, a couple of students were honest enough to admit that, ahem, they had more work they could do. Only one student rated himself as a 4.  

By day two, students seemed to understand the outline and checklist provided for them a little better, that it was ok to believe the teacher created it to actually guide them more efficiently to do their work. However, about half were fully engaged without consistent redirection and reminders. 

By the end of the week, the tasks were complete, except for a couple of pieces of the 4 outcomes. Quality was across the board, so there was a big discussion of dignity and pride for one's work, along with some revision requirements. I know it was new for them, and it was a rigorous set of expectations and outcomes, especially for newcomers, but we had to try it. And I learned more about groupwork than they did, which is good since we'll certainly be trying it again and evaluating our own progress. 

Overall, I admit the positive aspects equalled the negative. I know I have to keep hammering away at the idea of "independently" determining next steps. (and I say that in quotes, since they had a checklist for each day, outcomes listed, multiple explanations, and group members to rely upon when they wondered what was next). It was disheartening to see students finish one step and honestly tell me they were done.  They even showed me the checklist with one step checked, and nothing else---yet, they considered their work complete.  Sigh. 

I learned I have to push through my frustrations, armed with the belief that this idea of determining the next step and planning / organizing multiple elements is critical and completely worth the time it takes for them to get it. That's not to say no one figured it out. There are enough planners, organizers, and thinkers in the class to compensate for those who struggled, but the ones who struggled also struggle to care. And that's hard.

Although I spent the weekend considering what other profession I could do, after the hard slog of this project,  I'm proud of what they eventually turned out. And although it was an "art" project, it is so much more. It's a way of integrating culture, metacognition, and organization into their research, and art just happens to be the manifestation of their learning, as well as the impetus. Details equated to evidence supporting the main idea, so the research had to be thorough! Because this is a class of language learners, it's imperative to incorporate all domains as often as possible, too, so it couldn't be a single-dimension, silent activity. That's why we included research (reading),  a 1-minute video (speaking), LOTS of writing--the research paper and script for the video, and listening in small groups and whole class.  Pictures are below, plus one video sample with the art description. When students know they are going to be recorded, it truly helps to motivate them!

Let me know what else I could have added to make this better.  If you're interested in the checklist or standards attached to the lesson, please contact me and I'll send those, too. 

Once students completed their artwork, they created
videos to explain their art, and any details they wished
to add. Each group member contributed to the video.

Day one of research
Helping each other with research and finding sites
Working together with art and research 

Looks promising! 
Collaborating and comparing notes 
Love seeing high school students working on a single piece of
artwork together!
Going to peers for help and  questions
Seeking image ideas and more information

Examples of their artwork:
Students discovered groups who work toward alleviating poverty, building houses, 
empowering women, and community volunteers who help build the local church. 
Other groups thought NASA exemplified group work and collaboration, and although 
not "volunteer", they are certainly right about the extensive partnerships. 
You can see an Amish barn, representing an Amish barn-raising, and a funeral procession 
that has been taken care of at various stages by volunteers in the community. 
Two other groups focused on how communities come together to help those without 
enough food, and lastly, the US Army. Interestingly enough, the last picture demonstrates
the aid aspect of the military, and how they help communities during war, after war, and provide much-needed resources. 

Wednesday, November 16, 2016

JETS Lending a Hand

Iris, Vanesa, and Esmeralda, collecting hands, teaching others. Doesn't get
much better than this. 
"It's not about a big change, it's about many small changes!" --Vanesa, senior at JMHS
Today's post is a guest post from a team of risk-takers and students who aim to make this world better.  Read what they have to say about their current challenge:

Let's make hands to "lend a hand"!

This challenge is "awesome", you should try it. It is easy, fun, and wonderful, and we're sure that you will love it as we do. Please note that you can make a positive change in many others' lives just with making a hand. 

The Youth Uplift Challenge, which has as a sponsor the Bezos Family Foundation, will donate $1.90 for every hand you make, to fight poverty. Your hands can save the children's programs and empower youth in Nicaragua and Indonesia to rise into a life they dream for themselves.  The reason for $1.90 is because that's the average amount students like us survive on each day. 

To make hands is really easy. You just need to draw your own hand on a paper, cut it out and finally, write a thoughtful message of how you can help others. 

For example, here are some ideas as we have done:

  • Smile at all the people you see!
  • Explaining math to someone who has difficulty with it. 
  • Be kind.
  • Talk to someone who is sad. 
Any idea you have will be awesome, no matter what! Note that you can make the hands in Spanish or in English. 

The reason why they decided to make hands is because hands are unique; there are hands that are small, large, some with long fingers, and some with short. Our hands represent our identity and all the work we have done for others. Hands can be how we connect, how we work, how we give, and how we receive. 

This experience will also change your life, your points of view in life as it did with me...After making some hands you reflect how easy and grateful it is to help others who dream and wish for more opportunities to make real their dreams.

You can give back a little of what life gave you. Now we live in a world in which each one just think about their own self, forgetting that there are people outside who might need you. Let's work together to change this type of life, and also emphasize that dreams are created to become real!

Give this change to all those kids who wish for a better future for everyone in their community. Please, make a hand to "Lend a Hand"!

--Vanesa, Esmeralda, Iris, and the JMHS team

Getting ready to fill up this space with helping hands!

Ideas for you. You can join us, too!

**For those of you interested in conducting this challenge sponsored through Students Rebuild at your school, check out these links:

For information and resources, check this link here and get started!

Monday, November 14, 2016

How to Thank a Veteran: (Survey responses, part 3/3)

I don’t know about you, but I have a lot of questions, both about veterans and for them. I hear and read a lot about them, especially in the days leading up to Veterans’ Day. This year, rather than merely wonder what my fellow veterans think, I decided to conduct a survey. Done through Google Forms, and various social media sites, it is about as informal as they come, but responses were passionate and specific, from both male and female veterans, from all branches of service, active and reserve. What follows may surprise you.

Parts one and two are linked below:
Survey Responses from Veterans that may surprise you: (part one) Wishes
Survey Responses, part two: What Veterans Want Others to Know

One of my burning questions for Veterans has always been:
When people want to thank you for your service, how would you like them to show their gratitude? What is most meaningful for you?

Many stated that a simple thank you is best and goes a long way, "a genuine thank you is good enough" or is "usually fine", and a simple handshake added to it all is a bonus.  They are adamant that they don't do what they do to have things given to them, that they don't feel they deserve any special treatments, but they do want respect for their service. Most consider it an honor, a duty, and a privilege to serve.

Others simply implored not to thank them and expected or wanted "nothing" as thanks. Quite a few "prefer not to be thanked at all", saying they didn't serve for the thanks, or they just don't feel like they need to be thanked. Period. Some admit they don't like to be thanked because they don't feel like they ever did anything heroic or out of the norm--but then added a "simple thank you is sufficient". Still more advised they don't feel they need thanks, that more often than not it comes off as an empty gesture anyways, or makes them feel self-conscious or awkward. Not all soldiers are perfect, or above reproach or criticism, so don't believe the myths that we are all perfectly infallible patriotic paragons. Many of us, in fact, join the military because we aren't perfect. We are still human beings.

They claim heartily that actions speak louder than words, which leads us into what I absolutely love:

Overwhelmingly, military personnel, whether active, reserve, retired, and from any branch, want action from you, from us. Show, don't tell us your thanks. Saying thank you is fine, but giving back in some form matters more.

Not sure how to do that? They provided plenty of examples, and I'll share just a handful of those here to get you thinking about what you can do. Keep in mind that many of the respondents mentioned how blessed and fortunate they are in their lives, while recognizing that many of their brethren are not. So, remember your good fortune, and help us add to the list of how to thank a vet:

  • Thank us by caring for the wounded and the families of the dead and wounded. 
  • Help a homeless vet with a meal, some money, or a listening ear.
  • Donate your time, talent or treasure to a veterans' organization.
  • A handshake, a hug, the acknowledgment of female vets as well as their male counterparts, and no terrible comments about women in YOUR military. 
  • Don't bad mouth America and correct others who say ignorant things about our country. 
  • Respect our country's flag. 
  • People, ALL people, are capable of change. Refrain from judging others when you don't know all the circumstances.
  • Support Veterans in need by standing up for veteran policy and benefits, and help all these veterans who are struggling day to day. 
  • Don't be embarrassed to love your country. 
  • Vote (please) and be active in one's community.
  • BE KIND TO OTHER PEOPLE. Offer compassion to people, especially to people who look, talk, and think differently than you. "I wore a uniform so that people, all people, every single person in our country, had the freedoms guaranteed by the Constitution. Trying to curtail those freedoms because you don't agree with someone else's opinion is a slap in my face."
  • When you see an elderly person wearing a VFW, American Legion, or DAV hat, think of how they came to be wearing that. Listen to their stories. Hug them or shake their hands. You will be amazed not at what it does for them, but what it does for you. 
  • Remember, and take the time to think about, what veterans have done, sacrificed, seen, and experienced to be where they are at now, positive and negative aspects alike.

In my conversations with veterans and fellow soldiers, I'm heartened by their constant reprise that it's not about them, that the lessons they have learned highlight the importance of taking action and in essence, paying the goodness forward. 

These responses were my favorite encapsulations of several responses, and they are not only ways to thank a veteran, but also to lead by example, to teach our kids, to make sense of life when it is confusing:
"Live a life worthy of the sacrifices made to secure your freedoms."
"The world is our child. Go out and do what it takes to make a difference, to make this world a better place. " 
The gestalt of responses showed pride in being a veteran, for having served in the military, and for learning skills that otherwise would never have been learned. That pride was coupled with one caveat, though: if you don't respect our soldiers and the sacrifices they have made for others, you have no place in their presence. Respecting others' work, working to help others, and understanding that freedom is not free are the key desires voiced by veterans.

What can you add to the list? How will you thank those who have served? How can you show your gratitude for those who have paid the ultimate price for our country?

One veteran shared this video, and I encourage you to watch it. It is a haunting rendition of Mark Twain's short story entitled "War Prayer". Written during the Philippine-American War of 1889-1902, it will shift your thinking, particularly about what you wish for in time of war.   

In closing, I'll leave you the thoughts of one of our soldiers:
You are worthy of your human rights by virtue of you being on this planet. We swear to defend those rights to our dying breath even though we did not give you your rights. This is important, because if the military "gave" you rights we could take them away. But this is not the American way. Your rights are inherent and nobody can take them away.
You deserve to have your rights protected. This includes the right to question needless wars our troops are sent to fight in, to support our troops, and not be any less of a patriot.
Your duty is to be mindful and help defend everyone's right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, through some kind of service, whether it's in the military or another way.

So, go on. Civilian or military, we all have responsibilities for service to each other to make this world a better place. Let's go make it happen.

And that's how you thank a veteran. 

Friday, November 11, 2016

What Veterans Want Others to Know (Survey responses, part 2)

This is part two of my compilation from Veteran Surveys. The following responses have been culled from a recent survey, and although not every response is noted individually, thoughts have been grouped into categories. You can find Part One: Wishes here, along with a brief explanation of where these responses have come from.

Me: How important is it for you to share your military experiences with civilians or other veterans? On a scale of 1-5, with 1 being a preference for keeping experiences to yourself, and 5 being extremely important, here were the results:

24% selected "2", while 46% overwhelmingly selected "3".  For the most
part, then, we see that veterans, although proud of their service,
prefer the quiet side of sharing. 15% chose "5".
Some vets admitted that it's good to talk about their experiences from war and other aspects of their service BUT only to those who will understand and listen. It's very hard to explain the tensions of war and peace, the transitional mindset, and the details of our experiences when someone who hasn't experienced it doesn't truly want to listen. We learn to preserve and deal with our outlook, although sometimes, we need the help of others to work through things, thoughts, and (mis)perceptions. 

Me: What is one thing that you would love, love, love for others to know about you, particularly as a veteran, or veterans in general?

On transitioning home:
Detail matters. We don't expect you to understand what it's like. When we get out, we want to be able to start back up and live a new life, but it's a hard struggle to pick back up, especially in school and being around younger people who seem to have it easier than you. It is often a struggle to transition to civilian life, and it has been difficult finding decent employment. The trivial matters stand out big time, too. We sometimes struggle with mundane details and the drama that goes with them, especially once we've returned from war. There are so many larger issues to focus on; that might explain why we're distant sometimes. 

Anyone who has been to war is very observant and generally quiet. Some people consider that stand-offish, but in reality we are sizing up the situation. Is there a threat? Is this place safe for me and my family? Everywhere I go, this is how I think. We are not war hungry, power hungry, bloodthirsty, violent, or love "guns" and fighting. In most cases, veterans I know are entirely the opposite of that, but will fight if called to do so. Most veterans are not political, left, right, and we hate war; just because we are veterans doesn't mean we're conservative Republicans who like war. 

On continuing service:
We have your back, we respect unselfishness, and serve proudly in civilian society, too.  Remember we are soldiers, patriotic, educated, with values, beliefs, and a love for country that supports the "American way of life" as we understand it. We have a passion for helping others. There's no better feeling than to help someone knowing they have no way to repay you. 

They do make a conscious choice to put others before self, but a few admitted it gets harder the more stupidity and selfishness grow in each generation. The volunteer force is needed far longer than what we can serve, and newer generations have a role to play, too. We are still here, but we can't continue to serve like we used to. 

Even though I'm out of the military, I would love to rejoin one day. I'll never stop serving, even as a civilian. Service is a calling, and you can't take it out of our system. Veterans have a sense of purpose, of being a part of something bigger than themselves, and that's not an arrogant way of thinking. Once out of the service, they constantly seek it a way to serve. I couldn't have paraphrased it any better than this servicemember stated: "Service greater than self is an awesome way to have an amazing life."

There's no better feeling than to 
help someone knowing they 
have no way to repay you. 

On illness: 
Not everyone with PTSD saw combat, and not everyone that saw combat has PTSD. PTSD is also not only for soldiers. I would love for others to know we are not welfare recipients, disabled or lazy, but rather, a casualty of war. Not all injuries or disabilities are visible. Many of us struggle to get help for impairments that no one sees. Those of us who are considered "disabled" in some way would rather have the chance to be productive and support themselves and their families. Also, it's important to remember that not all veterans, wounded or otherwise, are males, and we are not "Damaged Property" or all "messed up in the head" like much of the media and Hollywood make us out to be.  If you're curious to know more, don't hesitate to ask us your questions. Most of us will answer all of your questions (don't ask us how many people we killed, or what the worst thing we saw was--PLEASE; asking us to relive our trauma is not worth satisfying your curiosity). We are more than our service dog, more than our missing limbs, more than our disability! Talk to me about me!!

On Family:
From my experience, we veterans are regular people just like everyone else. We enjoy travel, but we never really get "used to" moving all the time. We do find ways of "making" family wherever we go, and veterans have a bond that most civilians will never understand. If you served with me, we are family. Period. If I move into your neighborhood, I will be at your house to say hello. Break bread with me, invite me in. Military neighbors, whether in the barracks, family housing, or off base, are instant family. We put our family first, and sometimes that family is chosen--regardless, families of military members make numerous sacrifices that others cannot truly comprehend unless experienced first-hand. This doesn't make us better, just looking at life from very different angles. The military provides as much as it can for our family so we do what we must. Is is a job, but we want to do our best. It's not easy. I would never wish the military life on anyone unless they volunteered, but at the same time, I wouldn't give up a day of my active duty nor would I change any of the experiences or "family" I gained through those ordeals. I think that people sometimes forget--or at least overlook--that we have a 100% volunteer military. It takes a special person to volunteer for the armed services, especially during a war. 

On the military's personal impact:
Joining the military changed my life for the better, provided me with an escape from abuse, poverty, low expectations, and allowed me to follow my dreams of being all that I can be, plus go to school. 
Being a veteran is a tremendous part of our life, something we think about everyday, but it does not define who we are, yet it will always be a part of who we are. I cherish my military time, I get chills when I put on my uniform--still--and I love love love my country. My love for my country is why I joined, my brothers and sisters in arms are why I stayed. I never served in combat to kill or wage war, but to further a political agenda. The killing I did was for self-preservation, and never with malicious intent. The best leadership training I ever received was from the military and I am eternally grateful for the experiences I had while serving.

I don't know about you, but these were fascinating insights to read and piece together. They will be incredibly useful, particularly when talking to our students about veterans, and how to better understand them. "Simple" questions can lead to profound understandings, and I thank those who responded. Part 3 is forthcoming--and it's one you'll definitely want to share with students. 

Veterans who are interested in adding to these comments, please feel free to leave comments below!
Tell us more. 

Survey Responses from Veterans That May Surprise You (part one): Wishes

I don’t know about you, but I have a lot of questions both about veterans and for them. I hear and read a lot about them, especially in the days leading up to Veterans’ Day. This year, rather than merely wonder what my fellow veterans think, I decided to conduct a survey. Done through Google Forms, and various social media sites, it is about as informal as they come, but responses were passionate and specific, from both male and female veterans, from all branches of service, active and reserve. What follows may surprise you.

Me: What is one wish you have? (ANYthing goes, but all responses (except wishing to fly, from levitation to Superman skills) were very serious indeed.)

Veterans: More than 75% of respondents wish for war to end around the world, for our world to co-exist in a peaceful manner, and for countries of the word to unite for common problems such as peace, pollution, hunger, sickness and poverty. World peace in our lifetime if possible, but at least a safe world with opportunities family before us did not have, that our kids will inherit a better world than we did. (btw, that “world peace” is the kind that demonstrates we’re mature enough as a species to work through our differences, “not” the lame beauty pageant answer). They frequently pointed out that no matter what, “I will always serve my country”, but it would be nice if our men and women did not have to go to war! (Btw, it doesn't mean that 25% did wish for war, in fact, not a single response was pro-war. It's just that 75% indicated an end to war as their top wish.)

Many wish for the ability to make significant positive differences in the lives of others, to help not only other vets in need, but to see all people respecting the lives of others. Noted time and again was the wish that our wonderful country could realize the potential military veterans have. Because of their service, their awareness has been heightened about life beyond our borders, and how our actions (or lack thereof), affect both the US and countries most could not locate on a map. Such awareness makes veterans invaluable resources for truly making this country great. Let's take care of them better--we can do so much better.

Still others wished for all things family-related. For estranged family to contact each other-- life is too damn short. To enjoy simple family time, family health, and happiness, to be successful at work and as parents, and to see loved ones (both living and deceased) again. Accept each other’s differences to work together better, and maintain a strong nation, strong patriotic spirit, and strong families.

Heartbreakingly, several wish to no longer be in constant pain, to be debt free to start life after the military and able to get a decent job after multiple deployments. They want treatment for their pain that is not based on pills, to be listened to, and considered competent despite needing treatment or even a service dog.

Overall, their thinking is about wanting to help others, enjoying what life has to offer, and to know “everything”. A striking wish is that people wouldn’t “wish”--- just get out there and make life, their dreams, and the changes they complain about, happen. This is an "action-based" group of respondents, for sure, and not one of them wishes for more war. If only these veterans could be in charge.

*Keep in mind that these respondents are, from what I can tell, not older veterans, ie., from WWII or the Korean War. (I'll have to work on ways to get their responses.) Stay tuned for part 2.